Britain, Europe and the Extreme Right, 1918-to the Present
Area of Study
Taught In English
Substantial prior successful study of intermediate history at university level.
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits4
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units0
Hours & Credits
This research-led module explores the rise and impact of the Extreme Right in the 20th
and early 21st centuries in Britain and in three other countries in Western Europe
(namely France, Germany and Italy). It adopts a historical and comparative approach, and
focuses on fascist, populist and authoritarian ideas, parties and movements in Britain and
across Europe, and the challenges these posed for the liberal democratic state and its
main institutions. The relationship between democracy and dictatorship proved to be a
major source of controversy and change in the 20th century, and the question of how the
liberal state 'managed' (or mis-managed and succumbed to) the threat from the Extreme
Right has been a major theme in the historiography in recent years. In fact, such issues
remain very prominent today.
The first half of the course thus describes and analyses the historical developments, main
patterns and key controversies engendered by these events and challenges in the
interwar period. The second half of the course explores the extent to which these
historical developments and the associated challenges were possibly replicated in the
post-1945 period, especially with the more recent resurgence of the extreme Right
across Britain and Europe in the early 21st century.
? Introduction: controversies in the historiography over fascism and rightwing
? The historical context: fears of decadence and decline in Britain and Europe,
the impact of the First World War, and the crisis of liberalism.
? Italy and the emergence of Mussolini.
? What is fascism?
? The main fascist and authoritarian regimes in interwar Europe.
? The nature of Nazism.
? The French authoritarian right.
? The nature of fascism in Britain.
? Why did fascism fail in Britain.
? Post-1945 fascism?
? Neo-fascism in Italy and Germany.
? Neo-fascism and populism in France.
? The British Extreme Right: old wine in new bottles?
? The challenges of rightwing extremism to democracy.
Teaching: Lectures and seminars
STUDY OPTION 1:
? Two 2,000-word essays
STUDY OPTION 2: 2,000 word essay
STUDY OPTION3: 2,000 word essay
Study Option 1 = Whole Year
Study Option 2 = Autumn
Study Option 3 = Spring/summer
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.
Some courses may require additional fees.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.
Please reference fall and spring course lists as not all courses are taught during both semesters.
Please note that some courses with locals have recommended prerequisite courses. It is the student's responsibility to consult any recommended prerequisites prior to enrolling in their course.