Area of Study
Agriculture, Biology, Computer Science
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits2
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units3
Hours & Credits
OverviewTopics covered include: procedures for micropropagation of plants using tissue culture plants, the production of valuable chemicals by cell cultures, in vitro mutagenesis, somatic hybridization, procedures for genetic transformation of plants, and applications in the following areas: shelf-life of fruit and vegetables, herbicide resistance, pest and disease resistance, tolerance of environmental stresses, improved nutritional quality of crops, improved production or altered composition of natural products such as wood and oils, and the production of pharmaceuticals including antibodies and vaccines. Socioeconmic consequences of the technology are also considered.
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.
ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.
Please reference fall and spring course lists as not all courses are taught during both semesters.
Please note that some courses with locals have recommended prerequisite courses. It is the student's responsibility to consult any recommended prerequisites prior to enrolling in their course.