Biological Function & Diversity
Area of Study
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits3
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units5
Hours & Credits
OverviewMajor topics covered include: (i) introduction to animal evolution, anatomy and physiology; (ii) introduction to plant diversity, anatomy and physiology and (iii) introduction to ecology. The animal section focuses on the origin, characteristics and range of vertebrates, the range of adaptations present in vertebrates, the evolution of mammals, primates and humans and gives an introduction to the physiological functions necessary for life. The second part of the course introduces plant diversity with an emphasis on the diversity and anatomy of flowering plants. Also discussed is nutrition in flowering plants, the uptake of water and mineral salts from the soil and carbon from the atmosphere, as well as water relations and translocation. The Ecology section reviews succession and climaxes, mineral cycles and energy in ecosystems.
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.
ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.
Please reference fall and spring course lists as not all courses are taught during both semesters.
Please note that some courses with locals have recommended prerequisite courses. It is the student's responsibility to consult any recommended prerequisites prior to enrolling in their course.