Biological Sciences 1, Anatomy and Physiology
University of Limerick
Area of Study
Anatomy, Biology, Physiology
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits1
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units2
Hours & Credits
Introduction to the body as a whole, tissues, organs, system, and cavities of the body. Cellular structure, the cell surface, cytoplasm, filtration, and simple diffusion. Tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous. The Integumentary System: Histological structure and function of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The Skeletal System: Structure and function of the skeleton, the healing of fractures. Joints: Classification, structure, function. Muscles: Structure and function. The Central Nervous System: Meninges, ventricles and cerebrospinal fluid, blood supply and the brain barrier system, structure and function of the spinal cord, the midbrain, the pons varolii and cerebellum, the cerebrum, medulla oblongata, the limbic system. The Peripheral Nervous System and Reflexes: Classification and anatomy of nerves and nerve fibres, the cranial nerves, the spinal nerves, nerve plexuses, the nature of reflexes, components of a reflex arc. The Autonomic Nervous System: Anatomy of the sympathetic and parasympa hetic division, functions of the autonomic nervous system, the adrenal glands, neurotransmitters and receptors.
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.
ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.
Please reference fall and spring course lists as not all courses are taught during both semesters.
Please note that some courses with locals have recommended prerequisite courses. It is the student's responsibility to consult any recommended prerequisites prior to enrolling in their course.