Energy Storage

University of Limerick

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Energy Storage

  • Host University

    University of Limerick

  • Location

    Limerick, Ireland

  • Area of Study


  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Course Level Recommendations


    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • ECTS Credits

  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
  • Overview


    Fundamentals of advanced energy conversion and storage.
    Electrochemical energy storage. Review of electrochemical cells. Electronic and ionic conductivity. Overpotential and ohmic losses. Types of cells. Batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors. Primary, secondary and redox flow batteries. Lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride and lithum ion batteries. Vanadium redox flow batteries. Solid oxide, molten carbonate and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. Water electrolysis. Hydrogen storage. Gravimetric and volumetric energy density and power density. Energy efficiency and coulombic efficiency. Grid and local energy storage. Batteries for electric vehicles. Environmental and safety considerations.
    Flywheel energy storage. Principles. Components: rotor, magnetic bearings.
    Parasitic losses: Friction, hysteresis and eddy currents. Energy efficiency and energy density.
    Hydroelectric energy storage. Principles. Fundamentals of hydroelectricity. Reversible hydroelectric turbines. Reservoirs and storage capacity. Comparison of storage by conventional hydroelectric plants, tidal hydroelectric plants and pumped storage. Response times.
    Compressed air energy storage. Adiabatic, diabatic and isothermal systems. Heat exchangers. Energy density and efficiency. Mobile, underground and underwater storage.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.

ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.

Please reference fall and spring course lists as not all courses are taught during both semesters.

Please note that some courses with locals have recommended prerequisite courses. It is the student's responsibility to consult any recommended prerequisites prior to enrolling in their course.