Scottish Wars of Independence, c.1286-1371
University of Stirling
Area of Study
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits3
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units4
Hours & Credits
By the late thirteenth century, Scotland was an increasingly consolidated kingdom with a stable
dynasty that had enforced hereditary succession, achieved a string of high profile marriages,
extended its boundaries of control, and existed in relative peace with its southern neighbours.
However, the death of Alexander III (the last adult king of the Canmore line) in 1286 shook the
foundations of the realm. It brought challenges to autonomy from within, as the succession crisis
forced open cracks between powerful ruling families, and from outside the realm, due to acquisitive
and aggressive southern neighbours now under the leadership of the infamous Edward I. The
subsequent period, from 1286 to c. 1371, was one of turmoil and confusion marked by violent wars
and feuding nobility, but was also one of self-realisation and the solidifying of an increasingly
potent national identity for the ruling classes and the people at large in Scotland. This module will
look at the crisis of kingship, the war and governance of the Guardians and William Wallace, the
kingship of John Balliol, the rise of Robert the Bruce, Bannockburn and consolidating the Bruce
dynasty, war of the three monarchs, and the legacy of a childless dynasty to assess this pivotal
historic era in Scottish history.
Excursion(s): This module will include a field trip to the iconic Bannockburn Battlefield (with an
opportunity to recreate the battle with the centre?s new interactive battle simulation technology).
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.
Some courses may require additional fees.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.
Availability of courses is based on enrollment numbers. All students should seek pre-approval for alternate courses in the event of last minute class cancellations