Universidad de Deusto - Bilbao
Area of Study
Taught In English
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits4
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units6
Hours & Credits
Thermodynamics is a common subject for the industrial engineering field studies. The professionals in this field, depending on their area of specialization, can develop projects related with the design fabrication, installation and regulation of thermal devices such as engines, turbines, refrigerators, heat exchangers, ovens, heaters, etc.
For that reason, in this subject the fundamental principles of Thermodynamics are studied. Thermodynamics is the discipline were the afore mentioned industrial applications are based on. The course starts with an introduction to heat transfer that presents the heat transfer mechanisms: conduction, convection and radiation. Later, thermal machines are introduced with special focus on important concepts such as thermal efficiency and coefficient of performance according to the second principle of Thermodynamics. Finally, entropy is defined and then used to analyze the efficiency of thermal processes.
In order to understand this course the student should have acquired the competences related to calculus, physics and chemistry.
UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION AND BASIC CONCEPTS.
System properties. Temperature and Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. Definition of pressure. Pressure measuring devices.
Laboratory practice with pressure measuring devices.
UNIT 2: ENERGY GENERAL ANALYSIS
Energy types. Heat and Work. Fist Law of Thermodynamics. Efficiency of electrical and mechanical devices.
UNIT 3: PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES.
Phases of a pure substance. Property diagram for phase change processes. Property chart. Equations of state. Ideal and real gases. Laboratory practice to determine the properties of different substances by means of software tools.
UNIT 4: ENERGY ANALYSIS OF CLOSED SYSTEMS.
Moving boundary work. Energy balance. Internal energy and entropy. Specific heat of ideal gases, solids and liquids.
UNIT 5: MASS AND ENERGY ANÁLYSIS OF CONTROL VOLUMES.
Mass conservation. Flow work. Energy analysis of steady-flow systems. Analysis of steady-flow engineering devices: nozzles and diffusers, turbines and compressors, throttling valves, mixing chambers, heat exchangers, pipe flow.
UNIT 6: INTRODUCTION TO HEAT EXCHANGE PROBLEMS.
Heat transfer mechanisms: conduction, convection and radiation. Simultaneous heat transfer mechanisms.
UNIT 7: THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICSThermal
machines. Thermal efficiency. Kelvin-Plank Statement. Refrigerators and heat pumps. Coefficient of performance.
Clausius Statement. Carnot Cycle. Irreversible processes. The Carnot refrigerator and the heat pump. Laboratory practice to show how the heat pump works.
UNIT 8: ENTROPY.
Definitions. Entropy change in pure substances. Property diagrams involving Entropy. Isentropic efficiency in steady-state flow devices. Entropy balance.
Following the Learning Model of Deusto University, the beginning of each new unit will be devoted to introduce both the terminology and the main elements and concepts in order to stablish the context of the subject. This introduction will specially highlight the relation of the unit with the academic and professional profile of the degree. Next, the theoretical concepts will be explained and developed. These concepts will allow the resolution of practical problems. In some cases, experiments will be carried out in the laboratory to compare the experimental results with the theoretical concepts lectured.
Finally, each unit will be evaluated in accordance to the guidelines described in the Evaluation section.
Besides, the students, will study during their personal working time both theoretical and practical exercises. A reference book and some complementary bibliography will be recommended. At the same time, they will be able to access in the "Alud" platform to complementary material uploaded by the lecturer in order to develop the different assignments that will be proposed.
In order to help the student in the learning process, the lecturer will offer desk office hours during the semester to solve doubts that can arise during their personal study.
To develop the generic competence, the students will have to read documentation about technical writing. Later they will apply it to the writing of laboratory reports and a team work about thermal machines.
The activities to be evaluated are of two types: continuous assessment activities (CA) and final evaluation activities (FE).
Continuous assessment activities developed by the student during the semester (CA):
- Laboratory experiments corresponding 10 % of the final mark.
- A mid-term evaluation exercise will represent 50% of the student final mark.
- A written report about thermal machines (in groups) will represent 10% of the final mark.
Final Evaluation activity (FE):
- A final individual exam will correspond to the specific competence CE2. It will consist on the resolution of a series of exercise in a predefine amount of time. It will represent 30 % of the final mark of the student.
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.
Please note that some courses with locals have recommended prerequisite courses. It is the student's responsibility to consult any recommended prerequisites prior to enrolling in their course.