Physics for Scientists and Engineers II + Lab

Universitat Politècnica de València

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Physics for Scientists and Engineers II + Lab

  • Host University

    Universitat Politècnica de València

  • Location

    Valencia, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

    Hours & Credits

  • Credits

    3
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4
  • Overview

    REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS AND COURSE MATERIALS

    Textbook: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 9th Edition (R. Serway and J. Jewett).

    Textbook: Lab guides downloadable from UPV/PoliformaT web site.

    DESCRIPTION

    Physics for Scientists and Engineers II is an introductory, calculus-based physics course covering mainly electromagnetism and matter. Topics to be covered include thermodynamics (laws, kinetic theory, states of matter), electrostatics and electrodynamics (charge, fields, force, potential, current, dielectrics, circuit elements), magnetism (fields, forces, sources, materials), and electromagnetic oscillations.

    LAB: The purpose of the physics laboratory is to allow students to witness the concepts and physical laws that are introduced in lectures. You will also be exposed to elementary laboratory techniques. Experiments will usually be performed in groups, and each group will turn in a team lab report.

    OUTLINE

    Unit 1. Zero law of Thermodynamics. Exercises.
    Temperature. Zero law of Thermodynamics.
    Temperature scales.
    Thermal expansion of solids and liquids.
    Equation of state of an ideal gas.

    Unit 2. The First law of Thermodynamics.
    Heat and Internal Energy.
    Mechanical equivalent of heat. Specific and Latent heat.
    Work and pV diagrams.
    The First law of Thermodynamics.
    Adiabatic, Isobaric, Isocoric and Isothermal processes for ideal gases.
    Energy transfer mechanism in thermal processes: Conduction, Convection, Radiation.

    Unit 3. Thermal engines. The second law of Thermodynamics.
    Heat engines. The second law of Thermodynamics.
    Refrigerators.
    Reversible and irreversible processes.
    The Carnot and Otto cycle.
    Entropy.

    Unit 4. Electric Field.
    Electric charges. Coulomb’s law.
    Electric field of point charges.
    Electric field of a continuous charge distribution.
    Electric field lines.

    Unit 5. Gauss’s law.
    Electric flux.
    Gauss’s law.
    Electric field due to various charge distributions.
    Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium.

    Unit 6. Electric Potential.
    Work of the electric field. Electrostatic energy.
    Electric potential and Difference of potential on an electric field.
    Electric Potential due to point charges.
    Electric potential due to a distribution of charges.

    Unit 7. Capacitance and Dielectrics.
    The parallel plate Capacitor. Capacitance.
    Combinations of capacitors.
    Energy stored in a capacitor.
    Capacitors with dielectrics.

    Unit 8. Current and Resistance.
    Electric current.
    Electric resistance.
    Changes in resistance with temperature.
    Electrical power.

    Unit 9. Direct-current circuits.
    Generators. Electromotive force.
    Combinations of resistors.
    Kirchoff’s rules.

    Unit 10. Magnetic field.
    Introduction. Magnets and magnetic fields.
    Force on a charged particle moving inside a magnetic field.
    Magnetic force on a current-carrying conductor.
    Torque on a loop in a magnetic field.
    Hall effect.

    Unit 11. Sources of the Magnetic field.
    The Biot-Savart law.
    Magnetic force between two parallel conductors.
    Ampere´s law.
    Magnetic field of a solenoid.
    Ferromagnetic materials.

    Unit 12. Faraday’s law.
    Magnetic flux.
    Faraday’s and Lenz’s law.
    Generators of A.C.

    Unit 13. Inductance.
    Self-Induction and Inductance.
    Energy in a magnetic field.

    Unit 14. Alternating current circuits.
    Alternating current. The transformer.
    Behaviour of basic dipoles (R, L, C) facing an A.C. Phasor diagrams.
    RLC series circuit. Impedance and phase lag.
    Resonance on A.C. circuits.

    Unit 15. Electromagnetic waves.
    Maxwell’s equations.
    Displacement currents.
    Plane electromagnetic waves.
    Production and reception of electromagnetic waves by antennas.
    The spectrum of electromagnetic waves.

    Lab 1: Orientation. Uncertainties
    Lab 2: Mathematical modeling of physical phenomena
    Lab 3. Gas law
    Lab 4: Electrostatics. Mapping electric fields
    Lab 5: The Oscilloscope
    Lab 6: The Capacitor
    Lab 7: DMM. Resistors and circuits
    Lab 8: Electric equivalent of heat
    Lab 9: EMF source and CEMF receptor. Internal resistance (session 1)
    Lab 10: EMF source and CEMF receptor. Internal resistance (session 2)
    Lab 11: Self-inductance and mutual inductance coefficient
    Lab 12: AC. RLC circuit
    Lab 13: Conclusions and evaluation
     

    STUDENT LEARNING/COURSE OUTCOMES

    1. Demonstrate problem solving skills in various types of problems in physics using quantitative reasoning, critical thinking and appropriate mathematical techniques.
    2. Demonstrate the ability of using scientific methods to understand and explain concepts in physics.
    3. Connect physics concepts and problems to their world experience.

    LAB OUTCOMES:

    1. The student will demonstrate problem solving skills in various types of problems in physics using quantitative reasoning, critical thinking and appropriate mathematical techniques.
    2. The student will demonstrate the ability of use scientific methods to understand and explain concepts in physics.
    3. The student will be able to connect physics concepts and problems to their world experience.
    4. The student will demonstrate skills in collection and interpretation of data from laboratory experiments
    5. Properly use and read: scales, calipers, digital voltmeters, micrometer and balances.
    6. Develop proper habits that minimize uncertainty in physical measurements.
    7. Set up and solve problems related to the propagation of errors and uncertainties.
    8. Understand and properly use significant figures.
    9. Plot and fit experimental data to a given mathematical model.
    10. Proficiency in troubleshooting, problem-solving and interpreting the results of physical measurements.
    11. Develop effective written and verbal communications skills to ensure accurate transfer of technical information.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.

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