# Group Theory

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

## Course Description

Group Theory

• ### Host University

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

• ### Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Mathematics

• ### Language Level

Taught In English

• ### Course Level Recommendations

Lower

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### Hours & Credits

• ECTS Credits

6
• Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
3
• Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
4
• ### Overview

COURSE OBJECTIVE
* The student knows Z/nZ, (Z/nZ)^*, the Chinese remainder theorem, and the Euler phi-function, and can solve problems about and with these.
* The student knows basic concepts from group theory (including subgroups, cyclic groups, generators, dihedral groups, permutation groups, centre, commutator subgroup, normal subgroup, coset, homomorphism, quotient group, group action, stabilisor, orbit) and can solve problems about and with those in explicit situations.
* The student knows basic theorems from group theory (including the theorems of Cauchy, Lagrange, and the first isomorphism theorem) and can use these to compute and/or prove certain properties in explicit situations.

COURSE CONTENT
We study an algebraic structure (called a group) with one binary operation that satisfies certain properties. Examples of such groups are the integers or real numbers under addition, invertible matrices (of a fixed size) under matrix multiplication, or bijections from a given set to itself under composition of functions. Groups also show up in many situations as the symmetries of an object or structure. By formalising their common properties we can prove various general results about groups, which we also illustrate by working out what they mean in
various concrete cases.

We treat the following topics.
* The integers modulo n; Chinese remainder theorem, Euler phi-function.
* Abstract definition of a group, order of a group or element of a group.
* Examples of groups (the integers, the integers modulo n, dihedral groups, matrix groups, etc.).
* Subgroups, generators, homomorphisms.
* Normal subgroups and quotient groups.
* Cosets, index of a subgroup, Theorem of Lagrange.
* The first isomorphism theorem.
* Commutator subgroup, homomorphism theorem.
* Group actions, orbits, the class equation, Burnside's lemma.
* Theorem of Cauchy.

TEACHING METHODS
Lectures and tutorials, both two hours per week during 15 weeks, and study sessions, two hours every other week. Students also make a number of computer-supported assignments, and must hand in a written assignment every other week.

TYPE OF ASSESSMENT
For this course there will be two partial exams, six written assignments to be handed in (out of which the best five count towards the grade), some computer-supported assignments, as well as a resit. The grade is determined as follows:

A. Based on the two partial exams: the written assignments count for 5% in total, the computer-supported assignments count for 5% in total, the average score for the two partial exams counts for 90%;

B. Based on the resit: the written assignments count for 5% in total, the computer-supported assignments count for 5% in total, the score of the resit counts for 90%; or, if this results in a higher grade, the score of the resit counts for 100%.

NB: In order to take part in the partial exams, you must have been present at at least 70% of the study sessions and tutorials (full time students only). There is no such attendance requirement in order to take part in the resit.

RECOMMENDED BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE

Basic Concepts in Mathematics, Linear Algebra (in particular, matrices), and Discrete Mathematics (in particular, the part on permutation groups).

### Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Some courses may require additional fees.