International Relations in Latin America

Universidad Veritas

Course Description

  • Course Name

    International Relations in Latin America

  • Host University

    Universidad Veritas

  • Location

    San José, Costa Rica

  • Area of Study

    International Politics, Latin American Studies

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

    Hours & Credits

  • Contact Hours

    48
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4 - 5
  • Overview

    Course name: International Relations in Latin America
    Course code: POL 3450
    Total contact hours: 48 hours
    COURSE DESCRIPTION.
    • This course will review the history of International Relations between the US
    and Latin America, highlighting the most important facts that mark the politics
    in the region for the current era.
    • To analyze tensions between sovereign rule and foreign hegemony, class
    struggle and oligarchical domination, the rise and fall of Imperialism and
    military interventions, corporate banking, national and foreign investments.
    Examples of diverse phases of economic systems, conservative ethnic and
    cultural resistance to change, as well as totalitarian, liberal and socialist
    revolutionary change.
    • From the historic background of human settlements in the Western
    Hemisphere, Pre-Columbian Tribal and Imperial societies, to the formation of
    modern Nation-States, and the complex International World Organizations.
    • Current events, the Cold War, the military dictatorships and other Latin
    American political phenomena, such as integration, migration, and their
    effects of the war on drugs, terror and US politics. The course will close with
    an evaluation of popularity of governments in the Region, present day
    relations with China and Russia, and the influence of globalization in the
    global scenario.
    MAIN OBJECTIVES:
    Students will be able to discuss topics related to Latin American historical
    background, create awareness of violent and nonviolent conflict resolution, and
    promote class discussions, written essays, research assignments, workshops, sociodramas
    and debating world events.
    • Exchange knowledge about these countries, their inhabitants and their
    culture, contrasting similarities and differences with the US.
    • Analyze the cause of major international conflicts throughout history and their
    role in government and corporate decisions as well as global political trends.
    • Discuss the future of the Region and look for new alternatives for
    International Relations that promote equality, peace, development and human
    rights, while preparing a case study for the final paper.
    COURSE CONTENTS
    Session 1 Introductory Workshop
    Personal introductions and main interests, evaluation of possible issues for final
    essay. Basic Concepts. The Scope of International Relations, Regional Scenarios,
    Actors, and participant observation. Review of the Syllabus.
    Session 2. Aboriginals or “Original Nations” in the American Continent
    Pre-Columbian relations between Tribes, Nations and Empires in the region, social
    and cultural impact of the Spanish and Portuguese in the XVI century, Discovery?
    Conquest? Colonization?
    Session 3: Origin and independence in USA
    French and English influence in USA. Characteristic of the independence process,
    the democratic ideals of the Founding Fathers, and international politics of the
    “neutrality” of the USA , while the military help develop the farmer’s militias into a
    powerful army, during the Indian Wars. Expansion and colonization of North
    America.
    Session 4: Independence of Latin America:
    Independence in Haiti and the fights in South America, the case of Brazil, relations
    between the new countries, how Latin American faces the world, the Monroe
    doctrine as seen by the Bolivarian Amphyctionic Panama meeting.
    Session 5 Class struggle and social discrimination XIX century
    Aboriginal cultures, ethnic genocide, “Indian Wars”, US early industrial development
    in the New England States, the “Manifest Destiny”, Territorial expansion, competitive
    capitalism, gold rush, railroads and cross-continental development. Hegemony of the
    North and rising conflict with the South.
    Session 6: English hegemony in Latin America, (1800.1850)
    Focus on Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean countries. Disintegration of
    the Great Colombia, Ecuador and Spain, the new congress in Peru and Chile, the
    confederation Peru-Bolivia, and “La Guerra del Pacifico”, Argentina, Uruguay and
    Rosas in Argentina, Brazil and the abolition of slavery.
    Session 7 American conflicts and the first foreign investments (1853-1883)
    How the elder of the American Family intervenes before European powers as peace
    mediator. Civil War in the USA, intervention of France in Mexico, USA interventions
    in Central America and the Caribbean islands, Spanish intervention in Dominican
    Republic and South America, the war of the triple alliance, First and Second South
    American War on the Pacific. (First quiz)
    Session 8. US Imperial policy in the Roosevelt Corollary. (1883-1933),
    Alliance and resistance in a Latin America struggling for self-determination the first
    International American conference, US replaces England, Spanish American War,
    the Panama Canal, the Big Stick policy and Dollar diplomacy, the League of Nations
    and Woodrow Wilson, Mexican revolution and its international effects
    Session 9: The “Good Neighbor” Policy 1933-1940.
    Economic Great Depression and Franklin Roosevelt, exceptions in the Caribbean
    and Mexico, The War of Chaco and its consequences, South America 1932-1941,
    inter-American meetings, sequels of the imperial presence with US troops between
    wars , the anti-nazi diplomacy of Roosevelt until 1940, How is it that USSR is allied
    with the West, against the Axis countries? US Military interventions in Latin America
    before WWI.
    Session 10: The Americas before and after the WWII 1941-1945,
    “Popular fronts” Stalinism in the USSR and the Spanish Civil War. Anti- communist
    movements: McCarthyism, the Anaconda, Standard Oil, United Fruit Company and
    other transnational corporate empires, unionized movements and popular
    resistance.(Definition of personal issues for final paper and oral presentations)
    Session 11: Cold War and the Defense of the Status Quo (1946-1957)
    NATO and the world after war, nationalism movements and democracy in Latin
    American, cold war, Latin American Dictators the exemption of Bolivia revolution,
    Guatemala and the X Inter American conference, the fall of Vargas and Peron.
    Decolonization of the third world. East West Bipolarity, North South Conflicts,
    Movement of the Non-aligned.
    Session 12: Hegemony Crisis and socialist threat (1958 -1980)
    Rebellions and fall of dictators Nixon’s visit to Caracas. Cuban socialist revolution,
    Fidel Castro and conflict with the democratic bloc in Latin America 1958-1960.
    Kennedy and Alliance for Progress, OAS, Rio Military Pact, Malvinas-Falkland
    Islands. Latin America ascending development, the oil crisis, Kissinger and the
    Vietnam War. Effects of the Reagan-Bush Era (Santa Fe, Trilateral Commission,
    CBI), and the Free Trade Area of the Americas.
    Session 13: Midterm Exam
    Session 14 Latin America 1980-2000.
    Revolution and contra revolution in Nicaragua and the Caribbean, Central American
    revolutionary guerrilla movements. The “Paz de Esquipulas” treaty and the return of
    democratic governments. Non-violent conflict resolution. Dependency theory,
    domination and social sectors, integration. Unequal development and extreme
    poverty in the Americas. Effects of the Gulf War, Israel-Palestine and FREE TRADE
    Agreements as political instruments: Santa Fe, Trilateral Commission, CBI, FTAA,
    CAFTA, and NAFTA. New World Order?
    Session 15: Visit to the National Assembly or the Supreme Electoral Tribunal.
    Session 16: International conflicts, external debt, the drug traffic, ecology and the
    ethnic problems. US Economic and Military interventions. Overt military and covert
    CIA activities. National Security Doctrine, (Condor, Plan Mérida, Southcom
    operations) The effect on new alliances with China, Russian Federation, the “BRICS”
    phenomenon.
    Session 17: Latin America and US in the changing global scenario. Commodities
    and future market wars, Transnational corporation interests in Sugar, Bananas,
    Pineapple, Meat and other commodity markets,Corporate protagonists in domestic
    politics. Latin America In the last 15 years, Dependency, dominant social groups,
    economic and political integration ideals. Development in Latin America. The return
    of popular governments in Brazil, Venezuela and Bolivia, ALBA, PETROCARIBE
    AND CELAC. Is peace a valid utopia? The Bicameral mind and developing
    consciousness for a future peaceful civilization.
    Session 18: 12 Oral presentations and negotiations scenarios, based on reference
    reading material (photocopies).
    Session 19 Visit to the Inter-American Court and Institute of Human Rights.
    Session 20:. Review of the matter seen to this date, Special report on Costa Rica as
    a demilitarized, neutral and pro peace activist. Peace and Disarmament in the
    United Nations. Workshop on the future of US Latin American economic and military
    relations. Effects of the Arab Spring, Wars in Asia, the Middle East, ISIS and Ukraine
    in Latin America. New tensions with the economic crisis in Argentina, Puerto Rico,
    Venezuela, and similarities with Greece, Spain, Italy. Last day to hand in the final
    short Essay about one specific political problem in Latin America, as defined before
    (session 10).
    Session 21: First group of students to share oral PowerPoint presentations
    Session 23: Second group of Students to share oral PowerPoint presentations.
    Session 24: Last session workshop. Final grades and conclusions.
    METHODOLOGY
    The focus of the course is to promote the interaction of ideas and arguments based
    on a balanced analysis of the subjects. Most lectures will start with historical
    overviews or important happenings in the region. Throughout the sessions, students
    can explain their point of views and will have the opportunity to write essays, and
    use Internet to complete assignments and debates. The professor or guest speakers
    will cover all materials during the lectures. Students will be able to confront positions
    and participate of the debate during sessions.
    Audience
    This course is structured for International Students attending the Study Abroad
    program at Universidad Veritas. However, courses are not exclusive to foreigners so
    a few native student could enroll in this course.
    Electronic devices:
    The use of cell phones, smart phones, or other mobile communication devices is
    disruptive, and is therefore prohibited during class. Please turn all devices OFF
    and put them away when class begins. Devices may be used ONLY when the
    professor assigns a specific activity and allows the use of devices for internet search
    or recording. Those who fail to comply with the rule must leave the classroom for the
    remainder of the class period.
    Attendance
    Students are only allowed 2 absences (justified or not). The student will fail the
    course if he/she has more than 2 absences. Students will have a 0 on any
    assignment evaluated in class (presentations, evaluations, field trips, etc.) if he/she
    is absent in this class, unless an official document is presented to justify the absence
    the class after the absence. In this case the assignment will be done this day. You
    can only have two total absences in your elective courses HOWEVER, if you miss
    more than one day of class in a given month, YOU WILL NOT RECEIVE CREDIT
    for that particular course.
    Behavior
    Professors have the right to expel a student from the classroom should he / she:
    1) be disruptive in the classroom
    2) be under the influence of alcohol or even smell like alcohol
    3) Behave in a disrespectful way.
    If you tend to be late for class, you may lose 25% of your total grade
    EVALUATION
    Participation (oral debates) 20%
    Midterm Exam 30%
    Class presentations (workgroups) 20%
    Final (essay and ppt) 30%

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.

Availability of courses is based on enrollment numbers. All students should seek pre-approval for alternate courses in the event of last minute class cancellations