Introduction to Linguistics: The Sound Pattern of Language
University of Queensland
Area of Study
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
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Host University Units2
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits4
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units6
Hours & Credits
OverviewCourse DescriptionIntroduction to basic concepts in linguistics focussing on the sound pattern of language, with English as main language of exemplification. No previous knowledge of subject is assumed.Course IntroductionThe aim of this course is to provide students with a solid grounding in phonetics and phonology, the scientific disciplines concerned with speech sounds and sound systems in human language. Examples are taken from languages around the world including the Indigenous languages of Australia. Particular attention is paid to the sounds of English as it is spoken in Australia and elsewhere. The course provides a foundation for study in related fields such as speech pathology, ESL and foreign language teaching, as well as advanced study in linguistics. We place an emphasis on developing practical skills in listening to, transcribing and analysing speech sounds and sound patterns. Related areas such as historical language change, social variation, child language acquisition and second language learning are contextualised within students? broader introduction to human speech sounds and their systematic organisation in language.LING1005 is complementary to LING1000. The focus of this subject is on the sounds of language, while LING1000 focuses on the relationship between form and meaning at the level of words, sentences and discourse.Learning ObjectivesAfter successfully completing this course you should be able to:
Class Contact2 hours Lectures, 1 hour Tutorial
- Understand and explain the roles of the human speech organs in the production of speech sounds.
- Recognise and transcribe following international scientific standards the speech sounds of English and major speech sounds of languages throughout the world, including the indigenous languages of Australia.
- Understand and explain the scientific classification of speech sounds and its basis, and apply that knowledge to the analysis of individual sounds and sound patterns.
- Understand the nature of variation which characterises the speech sounds of Australian English, other varieties of English and all human languages.
- Understand the nature of prosodic structure ? melody, rhythm and prominence ? in language.
- Understand and apply fundamental concepts in phonological theory ? contrast, context-dependence, featural analysis, neutralisation and alternation ? in order to insightfully analyse sound patterns found in languages of the world.
- Use appropriate terminology and conventions to express findings about the speech sounds and speech patterns.
- Understand the nature of some of the most common phonetic sources of change across time in human languages, and identify evidence for them in historical data.
- Recognise major milestones in children's acquisition of speech.
- Appreciate the usefulness of phonetics and phonology in the teaching of foreign languages, in ESL and in Speech Therapy
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.
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Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.