Animal Physiology and Development

University of Newcastle

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Animal Physiology and Development

  • Host University

    University of Newcastle

  • Location

    Newcastle, Australia

  • Area of Study

    Animal Science, Biology, Ecology, Natural Sciences, Neuroscience, Physiology, Wildlife Biology

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Course Level Recommendations


    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • Host University Units

  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3 - 4
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4 - 6
  • Overview


    The course will provide a conceptual physiological framework for understanding the lives of animals at every level of organisation. It starts with essential chemical and physical laws that govern physiological processes in animals. These provide a foundation to understand the breadth of physiology. The course illustrates how the major physiological systems function and integrate to sustain the lives of animals. Contemporary physiological research is also considered in the course. Although the basic principles and mechanisms of major physiological systems form the central theme of this course, the importance of integrating knowledge across physiology disciplines with molecular biology, behaviour, ecology and other fields is also emphasised.

    Learning Outcomes

    1. Cellular mechanisms of solute and water transport used by animals living in different environments

    2. The basic processes and effects of animal cell signaling

    3. The different energy requirements of an animal at rest and during exercise, and how this is reflected in the functioning of the oxygen transporting systems

    4. How the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are integrated and controlled

    5. How animals use aerobic and anaerobic forms of metabolism for ATP production.

    6. How animals move with muscles and navigate their movement by the neural control

    7. The basic control processes of the nervous and endocrine systems

    8. How animals have adapted to their environment with different ways of urine formation to excrete nitrogen wastes and water

    9. The importance of physiology

    10. Use the light microscope to identify animal tissues and cells

    11. Be able to relate the structure and function of animal tissues

    12. Master tools for information-gathering from the scientific literature

    13. Carry out physiological studies in the laboratory

    14. Interpret physiological data and phenomena critically

    15. Write a laboratory report


    Introduction and Molecules and Cells in Animal Physiology
    Transport of Solutes and Water
    Muscle Structure
    Control of Movement
    Muscle in Human Health and Diseases
    Neural and Endocrine Control
    Neurons and Synapses
    Sensory Processes
    Animal navigation
    Nutrition and digestion
    Aerobic and Anaerobic Metabolism
    Aerobic activity and the Enertetics
    Thermal regulations
    O2 and CO2 Physiology
    Physiology of Breathing
    Transport of O2 and CO2 in Body Fluid and Acid-Base Balance
    Energy and Motion in Diverse Environments
    Water, Salt and Temperature Regulation in Diverse Environments
    Ecology and Physiology

    Assessment Items

    In Term Test: Progress Test
    Report: Lab Reports *
    Formal Examination: Final Examination *
    * This assessment has a compulsory requirement.

    Compulsory Requirements

    In order to pass this course, each student must complete ALL of the following compulsory requirements:

    General Course Requirements:
    Laboratory: Attendance Requirement - Students must attend a minimum number of these sessions. - Students must participate in all scheduled laboratory sessions.
    Laboratory: Induction Requirement - Students must attend and pass the induction requirements before attending these sessions. - In order to participate in this course, students must complete a compulsory safety induction.

    Course Assessment Requirements:
    Report: Attempt / Submission Requirement - Students must attempt/submit this assessment item to pass the course. - Students must submit all lab reports.
    Report: Pass Requirement - Students must pass this assessment item to pass the course. - Students must obtain a passing grade of at least 50% in the laboratory assessments to demonstrate that they have acquired the practical skills required to meet course objectives 4, 5 & 6.
    Formal Examination: Pass Requirement - Students must pass this assessment item to pass the course. - Students must obtain a passing grade of at least 50% in the final examination to demonstrate that they have acquired the theoretical knowledge and to meet course objectives 1, 2 & 3.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.