Physiological Bases of Human Movement
Area of Study
Health and Exercise Science, Health Science, Human Biology, Physiology, Sport and Leisure Sciences
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits4
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units6
Hours & Credits
OverviewDescriptionThis subject examines the structure and function of the major systems of the body. It serves as an introduction to life processes in the healthy state and the physiological bases underpinning human movement. Areas of study include: anatomical organisation of the body, anatomical terms, organisation of the cell, osmosis, tissues, nervous system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system and metabolism, renal system, and endocrine system.Subject objectivesUpon successful completion of this subject students should be able to:1. Have a foundational understanding of the normal anatomy and physiology of the major body systems2. Disseminate knowledge gained in 1. appropriate to the audience.Contribution to the development of graduate attributesThis subject contributes to the Human Movement Graduate Attribute No 3 (Competently apply knowledge and skills within the sport, exercise and health professions)and The Faculty of Science Graduate Attribute No 1 (disciplinary knowledge and its appropriate application) through scientific knowledge of the human body which is foundational for the Human Movement and Life Sciences disciplines.This subject also contributes to the Human Movement Graduate Attribute No 4 (Engage in research and critical thinking to integrate diverse knowledge and develop creative, effective and evidence-based solutions.) through requiring students to prepare and present scientific data gathered through participation in a scientific study during the practical period followed by critical analysis and report of the results.Teaching and learning strategiesThis subject is taught through 2 hours per week of lectures and 2 hours per week of compulsory practicals. Non compulsory tutorials may be offered.This subject is taught on a lecture/practical basis It will include the following activities: lectures providing an introduction to key concepts; laboratory experiments to extend the theory and help the students understand key concepts. The practical component will focus on the development of practical skills and hands-on experience.Student presentations will enable students to demonstrate ability to critically evaluate, interpret and present scientific informationContentLecture notes shall be posted on UTS Online prior to the lectureBody Organisation and Anatomical Terms, Homeostasis.Describe the structural organisation of the bodyDescribe the location of a structure or organ using anatomical termsLocate a structure or organ in terms of regional termsLocate an internal structure or organ within a cavity of the bodyUnderstand the concept of Homeostasis underpinning all body functionThe CellUnderstand the size and composition of a cellDescribe the structure and features of the cell membraneUnderstand the development maintenance of electrochemical gradients across the cell membraneIdentify the major organelles and their features and functionsDescribe and distinguish the mechanisms for movement of materials across the membrane.Identify the major features of cell division and cell cyclingDistinguish between Meiosis and Mitosis.TissuesIdentify the four major tissues types (epithelial, muscle, connective, nervous)Identify the tissue subtypesUnderstand the general function of each tissue type and location in the bodyDescribe the components and tissue types found in skin.Understand the function of skinDescribe the composition and function of bloodUnderstand the function of the plasma and the formed elements of bloodUnderstand haemostasis and the clotting process.Identify the key process in wound healingNervous SystemList main functions of nervous systemIdentify the structural elements of the nervous systemExplain the functions divisions of the nervous systemIdentify the 6 supporting cells by feature and functionDraw a typical neuron, label it?s significant components and explain the role of each of these componentsCompare and contrast a neuron and nerveExplain the significance of the myelin sheathExplain the structural and functional classification of neuronsExplain the electrochemical basis of the resting membrane potentialCompare and contrast a graded potential to an action potentialDescribe the electrochemical mechanism involved in generating and propagating an action potentialExplain the significance of the following terms in relation to an action potential (a) all-or-none principle (b) velocity of conduction (c) action potential frequency (d) saltatory conductionExplain the process of information transfer across a chemical synapse and distinguish this from electrical transmission.Distinguish between excitatory and inhibitory post synaptic potentialsExplain the difference between spatial and temporal summation at a synapse and their significance on information transmissionExplain the differences between the somatic and autonomic nervous systemsEndocrine SystemIdentify the location and structure of tissues and glands of the endocrine system;Identify the hormones released by the various glands.Identify the action of each of the hormones and how is specificity of action achieved.Understand how hormone release/secretion is regulated.Gastrointestinal SystemBasic structure of the GIS.Tissues that form the GI Tract?Structures and functions of the organs of the GISMetabolism for EnergyThe basic components of food and their functionsSites and processes involved in digestion and absorption of the different food components.Energy sources for cellsEnergy supply (immediate, resupply, provision from carbohydrates, fats, proteins)Energy storageThermoregulationHow body temperature is maintained and regulated.Metabolic rate and its relation to heat productionHow heat is exchanged between the body and the environmentCardiovascular SystemTo describe and name the location of the heart and the functions and structure of the wall, chambers great vessels and valves of the heart.To name the components of the conduction system of the heart.To draw a diagram of a normal electrogram and identify the key waves and intervals.To describe the relationship between the electrical and mechanical events of the cardiac cycle.To name and explain the effect of factors involved in the regulation of the heart.To identify the main autonomic influences on cardiac function.To describe the general structure of blood vessel walls.To compare and contrast the types of blood vessels.To identify factors influencing and regulating blood pressure.Respiratory SystemDescribe the structure of the upper and lower respiratory tractsDescribe the mechanism of breathingIdentify the pleural coveringsIdentify factors affecting ventilationExplain the various lung volumes and capacities in relation to pulmonary function testsDescribe gas exchange between lungs and blood and between blood and tissuesExplain ventilation-perfusion couplingDescribe how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported in the blood. Explain the effect of temperature, pH, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide on oxygen loading and unloadingDescribe the control of respiration.Renal SystemIdentify the major organs of the urinary systemList the general functions of the urinary systemDescribe the anatomy and physiology of the nephronDescribe the mechanisms of filtration, reabsorption and secretionDescribe the mechanisms that maintain homeostasis of pH, water and electrolyte balanceAssessmentAssessment task 1: QuizzesWeight: 20%Criteria:accuracy of responses to questionsAssessment task 2: Student presentationWeight: 20%Criteria:Assessment will be employed using detailed marking scales which will essentially assess the following criteria:Accuracy of informationRelevance of information to your audienceBalance of informationCorrect grammar, spelling, sentence and paragraph structureDesign and overall presentationAssessment task 3: ExaminationWeight: 60%Criteria:accuracy of knowledge of subject matter and interpretationMinimum requirementsAny assessment task worth 40% or more requires the student to gain at least 40% of the mark for that task. If 40% is not reached, an X grade fail may be awarded for the subject, irrespective of an overall mark greater than 50.Attendance for 80% of the laboratory classes and 50% in the overall mark is required for a pass. Documentary evidence is required for special consideration for any missed assessment task.
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.