Physiological Bases of Human Movement

UTS

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Physiological Bases of Human Movement

  • Host University

    UTS

  • Location

    Sydney, Australia

  • Area of Study

    Health and Exercise Science, Health Science, Human Biology, Physiology, Sport and Leisure Sciences

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Course Level Recommendations

    Lower

    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • Credit Points

    6
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    4
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    6
  • Overview

    Description
    This subject examines the structure and function of the major systems of the body. It serves as an introduction to life processes in the healthy state and the physiological bases underpinning human movement. Areas of study include: anatomical organisation of the body, anatomical terms, organisation of the cell, osmosis, tissues, nervous system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system and metabolism, renal system, and endocrine system.
    Subject objectives
    Upon successful completion of this subject students should be able to:
    1. Have a foundational understanding of the normal anatomy and physiology of the major body systems
    2. Disseminate knowledge gained in 1. appropriate to the audience.
    Contribution to the development of graduate attributes
    This subject contributes to the Human Movement Graduate Attribute No 3 (Competently apply knowledge and skills within the sport, exercise and health professions)and The Faculty of Science Graduate Attribute No 1 (disciplinary knowledge and its appropriate application) through scientific knowledge of the human body which is foundational for the Human Movement and Life Sciences disciplines.
    This subject also contributes to the Human Movement Graduate Attribute No 4 (Engage in research and critical thinking to integrate diverse knowledge and develop creative, effective and evidence-based solutions.) through requiring students to prepare and present scientific data gathered through participation in a scientific study during the practical period followed by critical analysis and report of the results.
    Teaching and learning strategies
    This subject is taught through 2 hours per week of lectures and 2 hours per week of compulsory practicals. Non compulsory tutorials may be offered.
    This subject is taught on a lecture/practical basis It will include the following activities: lectures providing an introduction to key concepts; laboratory experiments to extend the theory and help the students understand key concepts. The practical component will focus on the development of practical skills and hands-on experience.
    Student presentations will enable students to demonstrate ability to critically evaluate, interpret and present scientific information
    Content
    Lecture notes shall be posted on UTS Online prior to the lecture
    Body Organisation and Anatomical Terms, Homeostasis.
    Describe the structural organisation of the body
    Describe the location of a structure or organ using anatomical terms
    Locate a structure or organ in terms of regional terms
    Locate an internal structure or organ within a cavity of the body
    Understand the concept of Homeostasis underpinning all body function
    The Cell
    Understand the size and composition of a cell
    Describe the structure and features of the cell membrane
    Understand the development maintenance of electrochemical gradients across the cell membrane
    Identify the major organelles and their features and functions
    Describe and distinguish the mechanisms for movement of materials across the membrane.
    Identify the major features of cell division and cell cycling
    Distinguish between Meiosis and Mitosis.
    Tissues
    Identify the four major tissues types (epithelial, muscle, connective, nervous)
    Identify the tissue subtypes
    Understand the general function of each tissue type and location in the body
    Describe the components and tissue types found in skin.
    Understand the function of skin
    Describe the composition and function of blood
    Understand the function of the plasma and the formed elements of blood
    Understand haemostasis and the clotting process.
    Identify the key process in wound healing
    Nervous System
    List main functions of nervous system
    Identify the structural elements of the nervous system
    Explain the functions divisions of the nervous system
    Identify the 6 supporting cells by feature and function
    Draw a typical neuron, label it?s significant components and explain the role of each of these components
    Compare and contrast a neuron and nerve
    Explain the significance of the myelin sheath
    Explain the structural and functional classification of neurons
    Explain the electrochemical basis of the resting membrane potential
    Compare and contrast a graded potential to an action potential
    Describe the electrochemical mechanism involved in generating and propagating an action potential
    Explain the significance of the following terms in relation to an action potential (a) all-or-none principle (b) velocity of conduction (c) action potential frequency (d) saltatory conduction
    Explain the process of information transfer across a chemical synapse and distinguish this from electrical transmission.
    Distinguish between excitatory and inhibitory post synaptic potentials
    Explain the difference between spatial and temporal summation at a synapse and their significance on information transmission
    Explain the differences between the somatic and autonomic nervous systems
    Endocrine System
    Identify the location and structure of tissues and glands of the endocrine system;
    Identify the hormones released by the various glands.
    Identify the action of each of the hormones and how is specificity of action achieved.
    Understand how hormone release/secretion is regulated.
    Gastrointestinal System
    Basic structure of the GIS.
    Tissues that form the GI Tract?
    Structures and functions of the organs of the GIS
    Metabolism for Energy
    The basic components of food and their functions
    Sites and processes involved in digestion and absorption of the different food components.
    Energy sources for cells
    Energy supply (immediate, resupply, provision from carbohydrates, fats, proteins)
    Energy storage
    Thermoregulation
    How body temperature is maintained and regulated.
    Metabolic rate and its relation to heat production
    How heat is exchanged between the body and the environment
    Cardiovascular System
    To describe and name the location of the heart and the functions and structure of the wall, chambers great vessels and valves of the heart.
    To name the components of the conduction system of the heart.
    To draw a diagram of a normal electrogram and identify the key waves and intervals.
    To describe the relationship between the electrical and mechanical events of the cardiac cycle.
    To name and explain the effect of factors involved in the regulation of the heart.
    To identify the main autonomic influences on cardiac function.
    To describe the general structure of blood vessel walls.
    To compare and contrast the types of blood vessels.
    To identify factors influencing and regulating blood pressure.
    Respiratory System
    Describe the structure of the upper and lower respiratory tracts
    Describe the mechanism of breathing
    Identify the pleural coverings
    Identify factors affecting ventilation
    Explain the various lung volumes and capacities in relation to pulmonary function tests
    Describe gas exchange between lungs and blood and between blood and tissues
    Explain ventilation-perfusion coupling
    Describe how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported in the blood. Explain the effect of temperature, pH, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide on oxygen loading and unloading
    Describe the control of respiration.
    Renal System
    Identify the major organs of the urinary system
    List the general functions of the urinary system
    Describe the anatomy and physiology of the nephron
    Describe the mechanisms of filtration, reabsorption and secretion
    Describe the mechanisms that maintain homeostasis of pH, water and electrolyte balance
    Assessment
    Assessment task 1: Quizzes
    Weight: 20%
    Criteria:
    accuracy of responses to questions
    Assessment task 2: Student presentation
    Weight: 20%
    Criteria:
    Assessment will be employed using detailed marking scales which will essentially assess the following criteria:
    Accuracy of information
    Relevance of information to your audience
    Balance of information
    Correct grammar, spelling, sentence and paragraph structure
    Design and overall presentation
    Assessment task 3: Examination
    Weight: 60%
    Criteria:
    accuracy of knowledge of subject matter and interpretation
    Minimum requirements
    Any assessment task worth 40% or more requires the student to gain at least 40% of the mark for that task. If 40% is not reached, an X grade fail may be awarded for the subject, irrespective of an overall mark greater than 50.
    Attendance for 80% of the laboratory classes and 50% in the overall mark is required for a pass. Documentary evidence is required for special consideration for any missed assessment task.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.