Image Processing and Reconstruction

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Image Processing and Reconstruction

  • Host University

    Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

  • Location

    Madrid, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Biology, Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Sciences

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Prerequisites


    - Introduction to bioengineering
    - Systems and signals

  • Course Level Recommendations


    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • ECTS Credits

  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
  • Overview

    Image processing and reconstruction (257 - 15551)
    Study: Bachelor in Biomedical Engineering
    Semester 2/Spring Semester
    3rd Year Course/Upper Division

    Students are Expected to have completed:
    - Introduction to bioengineering
    - Systems and signals

    Compentences and Skills that will be Acquired and Learning Results:

    The course provides basic knowledge on digital image processing focused on medical image data. After completion of the course the student will understand concepts as sampling, quantization, noise or interpolation in the field of 3D imaging, and specifically for every medical image modality. Students will acquire skills to process digital images in the spatial and frequency domain, and will be able to use some advanced techniques as morphological processing or segmentation.

    Description of Contents: Course Description

    1. Basic introduction to medical image processing.
    2. Elements of Visual Perception. Human Visual System. Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum.
    3. Image Sampling and Quantization.
    4. Interpolation and geometrical transformations.
    5. Image enhancement I: Spatial Processing
    6. Image enhancement II: Filtering and the frequency domain
    7. Color. Image file formats.
    8. Basic concepts on medical imaging: X rays, CT, Nuclear imaging, MR.
    9. Image compression.
    10. Image segmentation
    11. Morphological processing

    Learning Activities and Methodology:

    Teaching methodology will be mainly based on lectures, seminars and practical sessions.
    Students are required to read assigned documentation before lectures and seminars. Lectures will be used by the teachers to stress and clarify some difficult or interesting points from the corresponding lesson, previously prepared by the student. Seminars will be mainly dedicated to interactive discussion with the students, present and evaluate homework.
    Grading will be based on continuous evaluation (including short-exams, homework, group essays, practical sessions, and student participation in class and Aula Global) and a final exam covering the whole subject. Help sessions and tutorial classes will be held prior to the final exam.
    Attendance to lectures, short-exams or submission of possible homework is not compulsory. However, failure to attend any exam or submit the exercises before the deadline will result in a grade of 0 in the corresponding exercise and will influence the final continuous evaluation score.
    The practical sessions may consist on laboratory work or visits to research or clinical centers. A laboratory report will be required for each of them. Homework exercises will also be a very important contribution, since they will imply solving a specific problem, proposing an algorithm and implement it using computer tools. The attendance to 80% of practical sessions is mandatory. Failure to hand in the laboratory reports on time or unjustified lack of attendance will result in 0 marking for that practice session.

    Assessment System:

    Continuous evaluation: It accounts for up to 40% of the final score of the subject, and includes three components:
    1) Short-exams: These exams will take place mostly during seminars, and will be announced at least one week in advance.
    2) Practical sessions and homework exercises: They will be assessed through quizzes or exercises to be solved in groups or individually or a laboratory notebook or report in that will be handed in at the end of each practical session. Attendance to at least 80% of the practical sessions is mandatory; otherwise the score will be 0 in this item.
    3) Student participation: It includes contribution to seminars, forum in Aula Global, attitude, or other activities.

    Final exam: The final exam will cover the whole subject and will account 60 % of the final score. The minimum score in the final exam to pass the subject is 4.0 over 10, notwithstanding the mark obtained in continuous evaluation.

    Extraordinary exams: The mark for students attending any extraordinary examination will be the maximum between:
    a) 100% exam
    b) 60% exam and 40% continuous evaluation if it is available in the same course

    Academic conduct: All exams will be closed-book, closed-notes, no PC or mobile phone, or anything else other than a writing implement and the exam itself. Plagiarism, cheating or other acts of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated. Any infractions whatsoever will result in a failing grade.

    Basic Bibliography:

    G. Dougherty. Digital Image Processing for Medical Applications. Cambridge University Press. 2009
    R. C. Gonzalez, R. E. Woods. Digital Image Processing. Pearson Education. 2008

    Additional Bibliography:

    H.C. Russ. The Image Processing Handbook. CRC Press Inc. 2011
    P. Suetens. Fundamentals of Medical Imaging. Cambridge University Press. 2009

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.


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