Universidad de Salamanca

Course Description

  • Course Name


  • Host University

    Universidad de Salamanca

  • Location

    Salamanca, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Biology, Ethics

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

    Hours & Credits

  • Contact Hours

  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
  • Overview

    Health & Medical Sciences
    Universidad de Salamanca - Cursos Internacionales


    1. Introduction: What is bioethics? Methods in bioethics

    2. Ethical Approaches:

    2.1. A principle-­based approach

    2.2. Exceptionless rule approach

    2.3. A Utilitarian approach

    2.4. A virtue ethics approach

    2.5. A care approach

    2.6. A case approach

    3. The beginning of life

    3.1. Before birth: issues involving embryos and fetuses

    3.2. Mother-­fetus conflict

    3.3. Prenatal testing, newborn screening and sex selection

    3.4. Assisted reproduction

    3.5. Therapeutic cloning

    3.6. Respectful involvements of children in medial decision-­?making

    3.7. Child abuse and neglect

    3.8. Abortion

    3.9. Moral status, moral values, and human embryos

    4. Bodies and bodily parts

    4.1. Organ transplantation

    4.2. Biobanking

    4.3. Pharmacogenomics

    4.4. Genetic enhancement

    4.5. Genetic testing and screening

    4.6. Regenerative medicine

    5. Information problems

    5.1. Consent

    5.2. Capacity

    5.3. Disclosure

    5.4. Truth telling

    5.5. Confidentiality

    6. The end of life

    6.1. The definition of death: brain death, and persistent vegetative state

    6.2. The aging society and the expansion of senility

    6.3. Advance care planning

    6.4. Substitute decision-­?making

    6.5. Euthanasia and physician-­?assisted death

    7. Global health-­care issues

    7.1. Policy making in pluralistic societies.

    7.2. Global health responsibilities: cross-­cultural considerations

    7.3. Access to medicine and the role of corporate social responsibility

    7.4. Infectious disease

    7.5. Bioethics and terrorism

    7.6. Developing world challenges

    8. Research ethics

    8.1. Innovations in medical care

    8.2. Clinical trials

    8.3. Epidemiological research

    8.4. Financial conflict of interest in medical research

    8.5. Research in developing countries

    8.6. The use of animals as experimental subjects

    8.7. Embryo and fetal research

    8.8. Stem cells research

    9. Health systems and institutions

    9.1. Priority setting: deciding between patients

    9.2. Society?s allocation of resources for health

    9.3. Emergency and disasters

    9.4. Disclosure of medical error

    10. Teaching and practice of bioethics

    10.1. Ethics and committees and ethics consultants

    10.2. Teaching ethics in the health professions


    Evaluation will be continuous. Besides considering participation, the professor will consider the following criteria:

    1. Daily work in class, homework, and active participation: 40%
    2. Midterm exam (as considered necessary by the professor: 60%
    3. Final exam: 40% (if there is a midterm) or 60% (if there is no midterm)

    Grading will follow both the European numerical grading system and the North American letter system:

    9.5 - 10 = Sobresaliente = A+
    9 - 9.49 = Sobresaliente = A
    8.5 - 8.9 = Sobresaliente = A-
    8 - 8.49 = Notable = B+
    7.5 - 7.9 = Notable = B
    7 - 7.49 = Notable = B-
    6.5 - 6.9 = Aprobado = C+
    6 - 6.49 = Aprobado = C
    5 - 5.9 = Aprobado = C-

    Less than 5 = Asistencia/Fail

    NOTE: Student must attend at least 85% of class in order to pass.


    Hare, R. M. (1996), Essays on Bioethics, Oxford: Clarendon Press

    Kuhse, H. & Singer, P. (eds.) (2009), A Companion to Bioethics, Oxford: Blackwell.

    Singer, P. & Viens, A. M. (2008), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Steinbock, B. (ed.) (2009), The Oxford Handbook Of Bioethics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.

Availability of courses is based on enrollment numbers. All students should seek pre-approval for alternate courses in the event of last minute class cancellations


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